Until his resignation on the 11th of February 2011 Hosni Mubarak had worn Egypt’s Presidential shoes for near 30 years. His first term as President began after the assassination of Former President Anwar El Sadat in 1981, prior to which Muba
rak was Vice President. However, now standing trial in a temporary court in the Police Academy in North Cairo, Mubarak, along with his two sons, a senior Minister, and six senior police officials, faces the prospect of being sentenced to the death penalty for ordering the killing of protesters during the revolution in 2011 that demanded his resignation.
Mubarak’s rule as President makes for a relatively eventful calendar. Among the main highlights were Egypt being allowed to re-join the Arab League following its removal through a peace treaty made by Sadat with Israel; and Egypt’s toke
n participation in the 1991 Gulf War where the U.S. commended its participation for inducing other Arab countries to join the plight for liberalising Kuwait.
o his government ministers. However, not all of Mubarak’s rule has been sprinkled with commendation. He has received criticism for his military background dominating his governing strategy, writer Tarek Osman links Mubarak’s former military career in the air force and his witnessing of Sadat’s assassination as the reason Mubarak focused the early years of his ruling on expanding the security services, and Mubarak has also been criticised dearly on several occasions for choosing the advice of his military chiefs as opposed t
cts a resolution to be. Mubarak refused to resign but promised not to stand for election at the next term in September, with this came comments of constitutional change. Yet, none of this seemed to satisfy protesters who still demanded he leave. Protests outside the presidential palace turned violent between pro and anti-Mubarak Egyptians. It is during this time it is claimed that Mubarak authorised (or ordered) his former interior minister, Habib el-Adly (also standing trial) to use live ammunition to deter protesters. To date Mubarak has pleaded “not guilty” to his allegations on trials broadcast on Egyptian state TV. Prosecutor, Mustafa Khatar, claims it is impossible for Mubarak to have been unaware of of the killings on
protesters that became global news. On the prospect of Mubarak being sentenced to death if found guilty it is apt to end with the words of the prosecutor: “Retribution is the solution. Any fair judge must issue a death sentence for these defendants,” (Khatar, final day of prosecution opening statement).